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Glossary

Aft Cover – Typically attaches to the aft edge of a top and angles down to close in the aft cockpit of a boat.

Aramid – Manufactured polyamide fibre the exhibits high strength and high modulus. Commercially known as Kevlar, Technora, Twaron etc.

Awnings – An awning or sun canopy is used for protection against the elements such as UV rays & rain. An awning should give maximum coverage but require minimum storage space, it should be strong enough to sustain strong winds, made from a color that deflects glare, easy to put up and take down, water, mildew and sun resistant, pleasing to the eye and not detract from the lines of your boat

Bimini Tops – Are used for power boats and are made from mathematically figured, curved and designed pieces of cloth. It is supported by framework. The curves differ as the angles of the stainless steel frames change

Bias – The 45 degree direction to the warp or fill. Aslo called diagonal.

Canopy – *see awning

Coated fabrics – Fabrics coated, covered, or treated with various substances to make them stronger and more resistant to weathering elements.

Connectors – Are made in fabric to fasten at both ends via zippers or hardware that connect between a bimini and an arch or windshield or between a dodger and a bimini

Cockpit Dodgers – Are typically for sailboats and protect the companion way. These are made from mathematically figured, curved and designed pieces of cloth and differ as the angles of the stainless steel frames change

Cordage – Rope, cord lines and string of any material or size

Denier – The weight in grams of 9.000meters of a given yarn (DPI – Denier per inch)

Dodger – *see cockpit dodger. On motor boats they typically protect the bow area

Enclosures – A typical economy enclosure has binding and the edges have fabric on the outside. Deluxe enclosures is covered on the inside and outside with clear vinyl between the borders. They are protection from the elements.

Eye or Eye Splice – Spliced, seized, swaged or knotted loop, with or without a thimble

Fill – The 90 degree direction to the edge of the cloth. The name of yarn running from one edge to the other

Frame Fabrication – Design, bending, assembly and installation of stainless steel tubing onto a boat

Halyard – Rope for hoisting a sail or yard

Knot – A complication in a rope other than accidental ones such as snarls and kinks

Lanyard – A small rope for making fast the end of a piece of standing rigging.

Lead – The direction of a rope or the direction of a strand in a knot

Mildew proof – It is unlikely that any fabric can be rendered permanently mildew proof under all conditions. Mildew resistant is the proper term and refers to a treatment on a cloth with various non-toxic chemical compounds that discourage the growth of mold and fungi.

Mooring covers – Cover the entire boat or the cockpit area. Protection for varnish, gelcoat and upholstery from UV rays, rain and dirt. These covers keep your boat ship shape and dry

Piping Cord – Covered cord sewn into a seam as reinforcement or trimming

Rope – Any cord of more than one inch circumference or any twisting of fibers to make large cord

Running Rigging – All lines and gear used to trim and set sails. All rigging that is rove through blocks

Sheave – Grooved pulley that rotates on a pin or bearings and constitutes the moving part of a block

Shroud – A standing-rig piece that stays a mast laterally. The lateral stays that extend from a topmast or topgallant to the chainplates, however are called backstays rather than shrouds

Splice – Interweave two ends of ropes or wire ropes to make a continuous length. Make a loop or eye in the end of a rope or wire rope by tucking the strand ends into the standing part

Stay – A section of fore and aft standing rigging

Tee top – Covers large welded structures and are typically laced on

Warp – The yarns or fibers in a fabric that run the length of a roll cloth and in a woven fabric are interlaced with the fill yarns

Weather Cloths – also known as splash curtains are designed to make cockpits or bridge areas of a boat more comfortable, less vulnerable to spray, security and privacy for crew members and can add to the beauty of the boat. The cloths are typically laced on or for power boats they can be fastened with snaps to permanent structures and railings

Whip – Binding the end of a rope to prevent fraying

Wind Scoop – Will catch the wind and keep the rain out

Woven fabric – Fabric composed of at least two sets of yarns. One warp (longitudinal) and one filling (crosswise), laced at right angles to each other

Yarn – Any number of individual threads or fibers twisted together

Yacht Braid – a braid on braid, double spliceable cord used as running rigging